Apache Cordova - APP的图标和启动画面

本节说明在Cordova CLI如何配置各种平台的应用程序的图标和可选的初始屏幕启动画面。

1、在Cordova的CLI中配置图标

你可以在config.xml中使用<icon>标签定义APP的图标(icon)。如果你不指定一个图标,那么将默认使用Apache Cordova的图标。
实例代码:
<icon src="res/ios/icon.png" platform="ios" width="57" height="57" density="mdpi" />
参数说明:
src: (必填) 指定图像文件的位置,相对于项目目录
platform: (选填) 目标平台
width: (选填) icon 宽度 单位像素
height: (选填) icon 高度 单位像素
density: (选填l) 安卓平台特定选项,指定图标密度
以下配置可用于定义将用于所有平台的单一默认图标:
<icon src="res/icon.png" />
对于每个平台,您还可以定义一个像素完美的图标集,以适应不同的屏幕分辨率。
 
Amazon Fire OS
 
     <platform name="amazon-fireos">
              <icon src="res/android/ldpi.png" density="ldpi" />
              <icon src="res/android/mdpi.png" density="mdpi" />
              <icon src="res/android/hdpi.png" density="hdpi" />
              <icon src="res/android/xhdpi.png" density="xhdpi" />
     </platform>
 
Android
 
     <platform name="android">
              <icon src="res/android/ldpi.png" density="ldpi" />
              <icon src="res/android/mdpi.png" density="mdpi" />
              <icon src="res/android/hdpi.png" density="hdpi" />
              <icon src="res/android/xhdpi.png" density="xhdpi" />
     </platform>
 
BlackBerry10
 
     <platform name="blackberry10">
              <icon src="res/bb10/icon-86.png" />
              <icon src="res/bb10/icon-150.png" />
     </platform>
 
Firefox OS
 
     <platform name="firefoxos">
              <icon src="res/ff/logo.png" width="60" height="60" />
     </platform>
iOS
 
     <platform name="ios">
              <!-- iOS 8.0+ -->
              <!-- iPhone 6 Plus  -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-60@3x.png" width="180" height="180" />
              <!-- iOS 7.0+ -->
              <!-- iPhone / iPod Touch  -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-60.png" width="60" height="60" />
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-60@2x.png" width="120" height="120" />
              <!-- iPad -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-76.png" width="76" height="76" />
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-76@2x.png" width="152" height="152" />
              <!-- iOS 6.1 -->
              <!-- Spotlight Icon -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-40.png" width="40" height="40" />
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-40@2x.png" width="80" height="80" />
              <!-- iPhone / iPod Touch -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon.png" width="57" height="57" />
              <icon src="res/ios/icon@2x.png" width="114" height="114" />
              <!-- iPad -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-72.png" width="72" height="72" />
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-72@2x.png" width="144" height="144" />
              <!-- iPhone Spotlight and Settings Icon -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-small.png" width="29" height="29" />
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-small@2x.png" width="58" height="58" />
              <!-- iPad Spotlight and Settings Icon -->
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-50.png" width="50" height="50" />
              <icon src="res/ios/icon-50@2x.png" width="100" height="100" />
     </platform>
 
Tizen
 
     <platform name="tizen">
              <icon src="res/tizen/icon-128.png" width="128" height="128" />
     </platform>
 
Windows Phone8
 
     <platform name="wp8">
              <icon src="res/wp/ApplicationIcon.png" width="99" height="99" />
              <!-- tile image -->
              <icon src="res/wp/Background.png" width="159" height="159" />
     </platform>
 
Windows8
 
     <platform name="windows8">
              <icon src="res/windows8/logo.png" width="150" height="150" />
              <icon src="res/windows8/smalllogo.png" width="30" height="30" />
              <icon src="res/windows8/storelogo.png" width="50" height="50" />
     </platform>
 

2、在Cordova的CLI中配置屏幕启动画面

在config.xml文件(而不是在某一平台),添加配置元素如下实例:
 
<platform name="android">
    <!-- you can use any density that exists in the Android project -->
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-land-hdpi.png" density="land-hdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-land-ldpi.png" density="land-ldpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-land-mdpi.png" density="land-mdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-land-xhdpi.png" density="land-xhdpi"/>
 
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-port-hdpi.png" density="port-hdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-port-ldpi.png" density="port-ldpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-port-mdpi.png" density="port-mdpi"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/android/splash-port-xhdpi.png" density="port-xhdpi"/>
</platform>
 
<platform name="ios">
    <!-- images are determined by width and height. The following are supported -->
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default~iphone.png" width="320" height="480"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@2x~iphone.png" width="640" height="960"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-Portrait~ipad.png" width="768" height="1024"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-Portrait@2x~ipad.png" width="1536" height="2048"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-Landscape~ipad.png" width="1024" height="768"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-Landscape@2x~ipad.png" width="2048" height="1536"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-568h@2x~iphone.png" width="640" height="1136"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-667h.png" width="750" height="1334"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-736h.png" width="1242" height="2208"/>
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default-Landscape-736h.png" width="2208" height="1242"/>
</platform>
 
<platform name="wp8">
    <!-- images are determined by width and height. The following are supported -->
    <splash src="res/screen/wp8/SplashScreenImage.jpg" width="768" height="1280"/>
</platform>
 
<platform name="windows8">
    <!-- images are determined by width and height. The following are supported -->
    <splash src="res/screen/windows8/splashscreen.png" width="620" height="300"/>
</platform>
 
<platform name="blackberry10">
    <!-- Add a rim:splash element for each resolution and locale you wish -->
    <!-- http://developer.blackberry.com/html5/documentation/rim_splash_element.html -->
    <rim:splash src="res/screen/windows8/splashscreen.png"/>
</platform>
 
<preference name="SplashScreenDelay" value="10000" />
 
这个是我个人的理解,详细请参见原文地址:http://cordova.apache.org/docs/en/5.1.1/config_ref/images.html
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